(This article is a work in progress)
While fcitx5 is provided as a package in many distributions, some GNU/Linux distributions (such as Gentoo) don't officially provide it as of May 2020. This article aims to give general instructions on how to compile and install fcitx5 in your GNU/Linux system.
- C Compiler
- C++ Compiler
- ECM (Extra CMake Modules)
- GNU Make
- libxcb (X protocol C-language Binding)
Note that most of these packages are usually provided by many distributions. cldr-emoji-annotation is a special case and will be covered in the next section.
After installing all the dependencies, the first thing to do is install xcb-imdkit, an implementation of the X Input Method in XCB. Clone the GitHub repository:
git clone https://github.com/fcitx/xcb-imdkit.git
cd into the Git directory and run cmake:
To install it to a custom directory, set the
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/your/install/path .
Then simply run
fcitx5 uses these for its emoji module. Some distributions (such as Void Linux) provide this package. Gentoo, on the other hand, does not, but there are user-maintained Portage overlays that provide it such as gentoo-zh. If you want to build it, clone the repository and run
make install. It must be installed to the default directory so do not set a prefix to the
You should now be able to build fcitx5. Clone the repository. Some cmake options to keep in mind before building are:
- ENABLE_WAYLAND: Wayland support. Defaults to On and should be fine for desktop environments such as KDE and GNOME. Users running X11-based window managers will need to turn it off.
- ENABLE_ENCHANT: Enchant support. Defaults to On. Used for word prediction (hinting). Depends on libenchant, which is provided by most distributions.
The user is encouraged to check the contents of CMakeLists.txt for an exhaustive list of options.
For example, an i3 user who wishes to install it to /opt would run:
cmake -DENABLE_WAYLAND=Off -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt . make make install
TODO: IM_MODULE envvars