Difference between revisions of "Configure (Other)/zh-hans"

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(Created page with "并且确认,当你打开任意gtk程序的时候,在一个输入框点击鼠标右键,在输入法菜单中有一个fcitx的项目,例如")
(Created page with "并且确认当你打开任意qt程序时,右键点击任意输入框,将有一项fcitx在输入法菜单中,例如")
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And make sure if you open any qt application, and right click on an input field, there is also an item named in input method menu, like

Revision as of 23:41, 2 February 2016

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Warning: 注意! 设置环境变量对一般用户来说是很难理解的,并可能会和发行版内置的工具冲突。


export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export XMODIFIERS=@im=fcitx

到你的 ~/.xprofile (这是一个隐藏文件,因为文件名由“点”开头),用你最喜欢的编辑器打开编辑它,例如gedit,kwrite,vim,emacs。





It doesn't have to be selected if you haven't logout and re-login to make your setting effects, but you need to make sure they are selected after you change the setting and re-login.


If you can complete the step above, you don't need to bother following description.

Fcitx can use XIM or Fcitx's own DBus protocol to communicate with input program. Since 4.1, Fcitx provides GTK2/3 and Qt4 input method module, in order to provides better experience in those application, it's highly recommended to use im module instead of XIM, in order to avoid unresolvable problem.

There are several places to setup environment variable. It depends on how you start up your Display Server.

Requires following lines.

export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx # or xim
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx # or xim
export XMODIFIERS=@im=fcitx

Use GDM/KDM/LightDM/Slim (Session Mode)

~/.xprofile is the best choice (If not exists, create a new one), since it will only affect X and will not pollute to other console environment. Some other people might like to use ~/.profile (Affect whenever you login), or /etc/profile (Global profile).

Use Slim (~/.xinitrc)/startx

In that case, you are using ~/.xinitrc to startup, you also need those lines in your ~/.xinitrc. And depends on you use DBus (im module and kimpanel need it), you might want to add

eval `dbus-launch --sh-syntax --exit-with-session`

At the head, to make sure DBus correctly initialized.

With newer slim, you may need this instead:

dbus-launch --sh-syntax --exit-with-session > /dev/null

Other environment

Maybe you are using vncserver, or something else, you need to figure out your start script, for example, vncserver use ~/.vnc/xstartup. Treat it similar with ~/.xinitrc.


For ~/.xinitrc, you can put fcitx to your ~/.xinitrc. Fcitx will run as daemon by default, so no need to use fcitx & to start it.

If you running a XDG compatible desktop, for example, Gnome, KDE, LXDE, Xfce, you can run

cp /usr/share/applications/fcitx.desktop ~/.config/autostart/fcitx.desktop

To add fcitx to your autostart. You can also use tool provided by your desktop to do the same thing.

See also

Input method related environment variables